Defining Drug Addiction
That chronic health condition where people cannot control the way they search for and make use of drugs irrespective of the fact that this can damage their health and alter their mental state forever is called Drug addiction. Some people whose brain functions have been altered by drugs display some anti-social mannerisms. Addiction to drugs is a disease that can throw people into relapse too. Relapse is returning to a habit of drug use after a serious attempt to stop using.
The way to drug dependence starts with the wilful act of using drugs. After some time, a man's capacity to pick not to do as such becomes compromised. Looking for and taking the drugs gets to be distinctly compulsive. The major cause of this it how long term drug exposure alters brain activity. Dependency affects regions of the brain that are involved in learning and memory; motivation and reward; and command over behaviour.
Drug dependency is an illness that alters both brain functions and actions.
Is There Treatment For Drug Dependency?
It could, but through a complicated process. Since addiction is a chronic illness, curing it is not as easy as simply stopping the drugs for a few days. Most users require repeated or long-term care to quit using it altogether and get their lives back.
Dependency treatment must assist the individual to achieve the following:
- desist from drug use
- Remaining drug-free
- Resuming their responsibilities at home, workplace and community
Principles Of Effective Treatment
In light of logical research since the mid-1970s, the accompanying key standards ought to frame the premise of any compelling treatment program:
- Though a complex brain altering illness, drug dependency can be successfully treated.
- No cure-all treatment plan fits everybody.
- Treatment needs to be readily available.
- To be successful, the treatment plan should not focus on the addiction only but the whole person.
- Going through with the programme is essential.
- Advising and other behavioural treatments are the most usually used types of treatment.
- Medications are regularly an imperative component of treatment, particularly when consolidated with behavioural therapies.
- As the patient's needs change, the treatment plan must be adapted to fit the requirements.
- Mental illnesses associated with drug dependency need to be treated too.
- The cleansing administered by medical personnel is the beginning step of the journey.
- For treatment to be successful, it does not need to be voluntary.
- When in treatment, possible drug use must be constantly monitored.
- People who use drugs easily contact communicable diseases such as HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B and C, tuberculosis, and others and as such, they should be tested so that their treatment can be taken into account during rehabilitation.
What Steps Are Involved In Treating Addiction?
Effective treatment consists of several steps:
- medical detoxification, when the body physically rids itself of the drug
- Therapy or counselling
- medication for addictions to opioids, tobacco, or alcohol
- assessment and treatment for any co-occurring mental health concerns like anxiety and depression
- long haul follow-up to forestall backslide
Success could be achieved through different types of care that come with customised treatment method and follow-up options.
Depending on the level of need, mental health services should be added to the medical aspect of any treatment. The follow-up can compromise family- or community-based recovery support systems.
How Drug Addiction Treatment Incorporates Medications?
Medication can be employed to deal with withdrawal symptoms, treat co-occurring conditions and prevent a relapse.
- Withdrawal During a detox, medication can assist in suppressing withdrawal symptoms. Cleansing the body is not the same as treatment, it only the beginning of the journey. Patients normally go back to the use of drugs if their treatment is not continued after detoxification. As revealed by a study of treatment facilities, 80% of the cases of detoxification involved medications (SAMHSA, 2014).
- Relapse Prevention Medications can help manage cravings and help patients re-establish normal brain activity. Various medicines are used for narcotics (pain killers), tobacco (nicotine) and alcohol dependency. Scientists are also currently developing additional medications to treat addiction to marijuana and stimulants, like cocaine and methamphetamines. Individuals who utilize more than one drug, which is extremely normal, require treatment for the majority of the substances they utilise.
Behavioural Therapies - How Are They Employed To Treat Drug Dependency?
Behavioural treatments aid patients:
- change their character and disposition towards the use of drugs
- Adopt healthier psychosocial competency
- Continue with varying forms of treatment like medication
Patients can get treatment in a wide range of settings with different approaches.
Outpatient behavioural treatment involves different programs designed for patients with an organised calendar of regular meetings with a counsellor for behavioural health. Individual and group therapy, or a combination of both are involved in most treatment programs.
Other forms of behavioural therapy available in these program include:
- cognitive-behavioural therapy, that assists a patient to identify, steer clear of, and deal with the circumstances in which he/she is most probable to resort to substances
- multidimensional family therapy - designed for teenagers suffering drug addiction and their relatives - which considers several factors that contribute to their drug addiction, with the intention of affecting the functioning of the family in a positive manner
- motivational interviewing, that makes the most of a person's willingness to alter their behaviour and start treatment
- Motivational incentives that work by positively reinforcing like rewards to help the patient's urge for drugs reduce
At first, treatment can be as intensive as multiple outpatient sessions every week. With the detox behind them, the patient is then able to start standard treatment regime coming in for therapy a few hours weekly to make sure they do not relapse.
Residential/inpatient treatment can also be extremely successful, particularly for patients with more serious issues (including co-occurring conditions). Authorised residential treatment centre offers 24-hour organized and proper care, including safe lodging and medicinal consideration. Several approaches to therapies that are mainly designed to assist the patients to achieve a life that is free of drugs and crime after treatment are applied by residential treatment facilities.
Cases of residential treatment settings include:
- In the period it takes for the patient to recover, usually six to twelve months, the patient becomes a member of the community at the therapeutic facility. The entire community, comprising treatment employees and patients in recovery, act as essential agents of change, affecting the patient's understanding, attitude, as well as conduct linked with substance use.
- Shorter-term residential treatment, where detoxification is done and the patient prepared for community based treatment through preliminary intensive counselling.
- There are also recovery housing services aimed at giving a patient a place to stay in the short term as they recuperate from treatment in other establishments. Recovery housing can assist a person to complete the changeover to an independent life-for example, assisting him/her learn how to tackle finances or look for a job, as well as linking them to the community's support services.
Challenges Of Re-Entering Society
Because drug abuse changes the way the brain functions, a lot of things can trigger drug cravings. It's basic for those in treatment, particularly those treated at an inpatient centre or jail, to figure out how to identify, ignore and adapt to triggers they are probably going to be presented to after treatment.