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Indicators

Signs And Symptoms Of Addiction

A symptom is something the patient senses and depicts, while a sign is something other individuals, for example, the specialist take notice of. To give an example, enlarged pupils can be a sign, whilst sleepiness can be a symptom.

Substance dependence is when someone is addicted to a something like drugs or alcohol and they are not able to control their use of the substance. Even if the substance poses a danger, they will still take it whether or not they know the dangers.


Substance reliance can bring about effective yearnings. It's possible that the addict wants to stop taking the substance but finds it really hard to do so on his or her own.


The symptoms and signs of drug addiction differ according to the person, the drug they are dependent to, their genetics (family history) and personal situations.

Some signs and symptoms of abuse could be:

  • It becomes difficult for the person to desist from using the substance - like drug, alcohol or nicotine, even when the person has attempted to stop at least on one occasion.
  • Withdrawal symptoms - the mood and physical state of the person is affected when the level of such substance in the body of that person is altered. Cases of resentment, bitterness, anger, frustration, depression, decreased focus, bad temper, emptiness, moodiness and cravings arise.
  • The person may also develop a voracious appetite. Lack of sleep could also be an indication of withdrawal. In certain instances, the person may be constipated or suffer from diarrhoea. Depending on the drug, some will cause the person to be aggression, shivering, convulsions, delusions and perspirations.
  • Addiction proceeds in spite of medical issue awareness - the individual keeps taking the substance frequently, despite the fact that they have created diseases associated to it. For instance, a smoker may keep smoking even after a lung or heart condition prevails.
  • Social as well as recreational sacrifices - a few exercises are surrendered due to a dependence on something. Examples of this might be an alcoholic who won't attend a party if there isn't going to alcohol available or a smoker who won't meet up with friends at a non-smoking restaurant.
  • Keeping up a decent supply - individuals who are dependent on a substance will dependably ensure they have a good quantity of it, regardless of the possibility that they don't have much cash. Sacrifices might be made in the house financial plan to ensure the substance is as copious as could reasonably be expected.
  • Taking risks (1) - some of the addicts may go as far as prostituting or stealing in the bid to raise money for the substance.
  • Dangers of Addiction (2) - When the addict is on the drug, they may take bold actions like over speeding.
  • Coping with issues - an addict often feels he/she requires his/her substance to cope with his/her issues.
  • Pre-occupation - A user exhausts himself and his time working out ways of obtaining the drug and figuring out how to use it.
  • Secrecy and solitude - the addict may resort to enjoying these substances in solitude in most cases.
  • Denial - a considerable number of addicts are living in a state of denial. These addicts do not know (or deny to admit) that they in fact have an issue.
  • Excessive use - with certain addictions, like alcohol, a few substances and even nicotine, the person uses it excessively. The effects can be physical symptoms, like a bad lasting cough (in the case of heavy smokers) and a sore throat, or blackouts (fail to remember moments).
  • Giving up activities and pastimes - as the dependency advances, the person might no longer do things he/she really liked. Some smokers who will discover that it is no longer easy for them to cope with the physical demands of their favourite sports may also resort to this.
  • Stashing the substance - an addict might hide small stocks of the substance in unlikely places, like around the house or in the car.
  • Taking an initial large dose - alcohol abuse normally has this symptom. The addict will usually take a lot of the substance quickly so that they get the effect fast.
  • Breaking the law - Some drugs and alcohol (not tobacco) are known to cause people to do things against the law when under their influence. This might be since the drug weakens good sense and the person takes a risk he/she would not take if he/she were not intoxicated, or in an attempt to get his/hands on the substance, he/she does something illegal.
  • Money problems - if the drug is costly, the addicted person may neglect or cut down on other needs to afford it. In the case of cigarettes, it will cost a 40-a-day smoker up to '660 per month and about '8,000 per year in the UK and other parts of Europe and the UK where a packet of twenty sticks is sold at about '11.
  • Relationship issues - these problems are more typical with alcohol or drug dependency.

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Certain alcohol or substance abusers who aren't technically addicted might also be affected by or cause a few of the above-mentioned descriptions, though these abusers don't generally experience the withdrawal symptoms of addicts or the exact same obsession to use the substance.